He modernism It was an artistic and cultural movement that took place in Barcelona in the late 19th and early 20th centuries. At that time, the industrial revolution, along with commerce and fortunes from the Indies gave way to a new social class: bourgeoisie. This wealthy class wanted to modernize the city, make it more open and reflect the European cultural movements of the moment. Thus, the old walls were demolished to oxygenate a city that already had half a million inhabitants and the squared neighborhood of the "Eixample" was created, where they would have space to build their dreams.
The wealthy families of this new social class commissioned a series of architectural projects largely to demonstrate their economic power. And of these many works that can be visited are preserved, so in this article we explain what modernist works to visit in Barcelona. There are many more modernist buildings, but then we will talk basically about those that you can visit inside.
The Palau de la Música Catalana
This concert hall was built between 1905 and 1908 under the orders of the architect Lluís Doménech i Montaner to be the headquarters of the Orfeó Català, a choir founded in 1891 focused on spreading Catalan and universal choral music. Despite the introduction of this article, the Palau de la Música, like the Sagrada Familia, was built without direct funding from a specific bourgeois family, but was built with the contributions of people of all kinds.
In addition to being a reference in concerts of choral and symphonic music throughout the country, it is emblematic of the modernist style with a spectacular red brick facade that combines columns decorated with colorful ceramics with rounded entrances and elegant stone sculptures. However, it is essential to visit the interior to contemplate the concert hall, which is the authentic heart of the Palau. There stands out above all the skylight of glass and iron that floods the entire space with light and color, in addition to the stone sculptures of Valkyrie and muses that surround the stage.
Prices and schedule of the guided tours Palau de la Música Catalana
There are guided tours every thirty minutes from ten in the morning to three-thirty in the afternoon, except in Holy Week and August, when, when there are no concerts, they last until 18h and 20h respectively. The guided tour lasts 55 minutes and can be done in Catalan, Spanish, French and English. The guided tour of the Palau costs € 18 and you can buy tickets at this link.
Address of the Palau de la Música Catalana: c / Palau de la Música, 4-6. The closest metro stop is Urquinaona (L1 and L4) and the easiest access is via Vía Laietana.
The Holy Family
The endless cathedral and universal symbol of Barcelona began to be built in 1882. Although the first architect conceived it as a neo-Gothic temple, when Antoni Gaudí took over the project, it became the most imposing modernist building in the city. At present, there are already several architects who have contributed to the designs, and some have caused controversy over whether or not the result is true to Gaudí's original idea, since the original plans were lost in a fire during the Civil War. . On the other hand, its permanent state of works is due to the fact that it is a atoning temple and, therefore, it is still financed by small and large donations of all kinds of people, in addition to the collection of tickets, of course. Be that as it may, the official end date is set at 2026.
Although the entrance is not exactly cheap, it is worth visiting the building and checking first hand if one is convinced by the designs after Gaudí's death, or the brightness of the interior of the central nave. Visiting the crypt, learning about architecture and the genius of Gaudí in the attached museum or climbing the side towers to see views of vertigo are other attractions.
Prices and schedule of the Sagrada Familia
The expiatory temple is open from 9 am to 8 pm from April to September; in March from 9 a.m. to 7 p.m. and from November to February from 9 a.m. to 6 p.m. The simple entrance without audioguide costs € 15 and allows you to visit the facades, the interior, the museum and the school designed by Gaudí. To climb one of the towers you have to pay € 4.50 extra. There are also guided tours every day in various languages that cost € 19.50 + € 4.50 if you want to climb the tower. We recommend that buy the entrance to the Sagrada Familia online before going, because that way you will avoid the long lines that are always there to buy tickets.
Address of the Sagrada Familia: c / Mallorca, 401. The nearest metro station is Sagrada Familia on lines 2 and 5.
The Amatller house
This residential building located in the Paseo de Gracia is the work of the architect Josep Puig i Cadafalch. It was commissioned by chocolate entrepreneur Antoni Amatller, who wanted a house avant-garde. The Amatller house shares prominence with other modernist stars such as the house Lleó i Morera i the Batlló house, since all three are in the same block.
The interior of this house had always been private, but guided tours have been offered for a few years. If you have always seen it from outside, the guided tour is a great opportunity to finally discover the secrets inside. And if you have never seen it, you can give yourself the pleasure of seeing what almost no Barcelona has ever seen inside. Although the facade is adorned with a thousand curious details, the visit to the interior is fascinating and even more spectacular than the exterior. It includes a brief introductory presentation and a tour of the main rooms accompanied by an expert guide that explains everything. In addition, it is a very quiet visit, because only groups of up to twelve people are accepted. It should be noted the huge fireplace that chairs the dining room, which is a work of art in itself. Anyway, it's like touring the luxury house of a famous, only from the end of the s. XIX.
Prices and opening hours of the Amatller house
The Amatller house can only be visited with a guided tour. The visits begin at 11 am and end at 6 pm, although we recommend that you do the one at 1 pm in Spanish or the one at 12 pm in Catalan because they are more extensive than the visits express They are made at other times. The guided tour costs € 15 and you can buy it in this link.
Address of the Amatller House: Paseo de Gracia, 41. The nearest metro station is Paseo de Gracia, lines 2, 3 and 4.
Casa Mila or La Pedrera
La Pedrera or Casa Milá is the second best known modernist building in Barcelona along with the Batlló house i the sacred Family. This block of flats extends its strange undulating facade along the entire chamfer of Paseo de Gracia with Provença street and attracts the eyes of both tourists and locals, even though they have passed through there already a thousand times. It is the work of Antoni Gaudí, who built it between 1906 and 1910 on behalf of the businessman Pere Milà.
The undulating forms of the facade are also found in the patio of lights, in the houses and on the roof. It is very interesting to tour the interior of the house and visit the exhibition floor with its walls without straight lines and decorated with furniture from the early twentieth century.
It is also spectacular to go up to the roof and contemplate the views between the dream chimneys that Gaudí designed. Finally, on the floor just below the roof there is an interesting exhibition about the history, architecture and art of this modernist house. When the visit ends, it is clear to you shock that this house meant in its time, since today it continues to surprise by its originality.
Prices and schedule of the Milà house
You can visit La Pedrera both day and night and both options are great. The day entry it costs € 20 and the combined day and night € 37.50. Both include an audio guide. You can buy tickets on the La Pedrera website to save queues. The summer time for the daytime visit is from 9 a.m. to 8:30 p.m. (last access at 8 p.m.) and winter time (from November to March) is from 9 a.m. to 6:30 p.m. (last access at 6 p.m.).
Casa Mila Address: c / Provença, 261-265. The closest metro stop is Diagonal, lines 3 and 5.
The Güell Park
The businessman Eusebi Güell wanted to build an entire urbanization where sixty families could live in a natural and at the same time very modern environment, with great views over the city of Barcelona. As Gaudí was the fashion architect, Güell commissioned the project and in 1900 he got down to work with his group of collaborators. Although the urbanization itself was a failure and in the end only two houses were built, Gaudí was able to finish most of the common garden areas before different events put an end to the works. In addition to the park, Güell commissioned Gaudí with many more works, such as the Palau Güell or the crypt of Colonia Güell.
In 1918, Güell's heirs sold the park to the Barcelona City Council, and since then it was a public park. Unfortunately, from 2013 to enter the monumental area you have to pay entrance if you are not attached to Barcelovers and the number of visitors to the monumental zone is regulated. According to the reasoning of the City Council, this is done to preserve it better before the tourist massification of the city.